Falklands Liberation Day

14 Jun

From the Falklands Timeline for today in 1982

Falklands War

June 14th

Scots Guard and Gurkha detachments capture Tumbledown and Mount William.

11.00am: Governor Mendez manages to speak to General Galtieri in Buenos Aires. Galtieri reminds his Governor that the Argentine military code calls for a commander to fight until he had lost 50% of his men, and 75% of his ammunition. Mendez replies, “ I cannot ask more of my troops, after what they have been through … We have not been able to hold on to the heights … We have no room, we have no support.”


11.30am: 2 Para are in Stanley. White flags are seen and a cease-fire is called.
11.59pm: Argentina surrenders. 11, 845 Argentine troops are captured.

Instrument of Surrender
I, the undersigned, Commander of all the Argentine land, sea and air forces in the Falkland Islands1 surrender to Major General J.J. MOORE CB OBE MC* as representative of Her Britannic Majesty’s Government.

Under the terms of this surrender all Argentine personnel in the Falkland Islands are to muster at assembly points which will be nominated by General Moore and hand over their arms, ammunition, and all other weapons and warlike equipment as directed by General Moore or appropriate British officers acting on his behalf.

Following the surrender all personnel of the Argentinian Forces will be treated with honour in accordance with the conditions set out in the Geneva Convention of 1949. They will obey any directions concerning movement and in connection with accommodation.

This surrender is to be effective from 2359 hours ZULU on 14 June (2059 hours local) and includes those Argentine Forces presently deployed in and around Port Stanley, those others on East Falkland, (Menendez’s signature) West Falkland and all outlying islands.

[Menéndez’s signature] Commander Argentine Forces
[Moore’s signature] J. J. MOORE Major General
[Pennicott’s signature] Witness                                              2359 hours 14 June 1982

In a message to the Commander-in-Chief Fleet, General Moore reports in a telex message: “Major General Menendez surrendered to me all the Argentine Armed Forces in East and West Falkland, together with their impedimenta. Arrangements are in hand to assemble the men for return to Argentina, to gather in their arms and equipment, and to mark and make safe their ammunition.

“The Falkland Islands are once more under the Government desired by their inhabitants.
 God Save the Queen.”

Margaret Thatcher, makes a speech to the House of Commons; “Early this morning in Port Stanley, 74 days after the Falkland Islands were invaded, General Moore accepted from General Menendez the surrender of all the Argentine forces … General Menendez has surrendered some 11,000 men in Port Stanley and some 2,000 in West Falkland. In addition, we had already captured and were holding elsewhere on the islands 1,800 prisoners, making in all some 15,000 prisoners of war now in our hands.…We have today sent to the Argentine Government, through the Swiss Government, a message seeking confirmation that Argentina, like Britain, considers all hostilities between us in the South Atlantic—and not only on the Islands themselves—to be at an end. It is important that this should be established with clarity and without delay.”





One Response to “Falklands Liberation Day”

  1. John Newcomb June 14, 2012 at 10:55 pm #

    Liberation on 14 June of the Falkland Islands so very important, and as Roger Edwards noted today at the UN, the surrender of the Argentine Military Junta on 14 June really did mark the beginning of longest period of Argentine democracy.

    So they should be thanking the British soldiers and PM Thatcher for that.

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