An Aggression Treaty ?

18 Aug

Jorge Arguello, Argentina’s permanent representative to the United Nations, yesterday questioned the United Kingdom’s reluctance to negotiate over the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands claiming that the political reality of the situation did not justify Britain’s seat at the Security Council.

Once again calling for reform of the Security Council, the Ambassador criticised the Council’s formation from the victorious powers of 1945 and the possesion of a veto by the five permanent members.

Referring to the Falkland Islands and Argentina’s claim to the islands, Arguello went on to say, ” the UK in the Falklands is a question of power, not justice or rights. Argentina, in all international forums, and from the G77 and China is working to reduce the margin of British resistance to negotiate.”

Speaking of the recent news about the extent of oil deposits seen in the British Press, he would only say that the speculation in share price was being driven by the London Stock Exchange and that he had no further information.

Arguello also raised the issue of a UNASUR defence agreement as he considered that the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (RIO Treaty) had been, “.. buried at the bottom of the south Atlantic..” in 1982.

The RIO Treaty was signed in 1947 as an extension of the Monroe Doctrine amid renewed concerns during the 1940’s about outside excursions into the American continent. A central principle of the RIO Treaty is that an attack against one American State is to be considered an attack against them all. Argentina believes that the refusal of many of the signatories to assist them in their 1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands was an abandonment of the Rio Treaty.

However, in 1982 the United States considered Argentina to be the aggressor and that the RIO Treaty was a defence agreement, as did Chile and Columbia.

Argentina is now supporting a regional defence arrangement through the UNASUR organisation.

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